The "Standard" 1 through 20 Scientific Process Questions

schmied/reid/hartford©2007 all rights reserved

We named these the standard 1-19+ science investigative format elements because they are asked most often in practical hands-on scientific scenarios of students that are first learning about the fundamentals of experiments (K-12).


1. What scientific question is being investigated in this experiment?


2. What is the Manipulated (experimental) variable in this experiment?


3. Describe the Responding (measured) Variable.


4. Create an appropriate prediction for this question. (If -Then- FORMAT)


5. Develop an appropriate hypothesis (prediction with a reason) for the above question.

(If-Then- Because FORMAT)


6. Identify the control trial(s).


7. Identify the experimental trial(s)


8. Create a properly formatted data table for the data.


9. Identify safety hazards, what PPE to wear, proper disposal of materials


10. Provide a list of all the materials for this experiment, including any references needed.


11. Draw (properly labeled) or Write a step by step procedure (operational definition) telling how to conduct this experiment from start to finish, including write up and clean up!


12. Properly graph the data from the data table.


13. Tell 2 controlled variables and 2 uncontrolled variables for this experiment.


14. Analyze the data

Uses mainly deductive thinking. Organizes and compares Highs, Lows, means, medians, trends, reliability, and validity of the data with respect to the original hypothesis, especially comparing experimental trials to control trials.


15. Develop a Complete Conclusion for the experiment

See Short and Extended Response Conclusion Guideline Handout for help.


16. What could you do to improve this experiment or strengthen the experiments reliability?


17. Tell the sources of error in this experiment and identify the catagory of error of each


18. Devise another, similar, experiment that would strengthen the validity of this experiment.


19. Tell how you would use/apply this knowledge to create a design to solve another, similar problem?


20. Predict what would logically occur if the experiment would go on longer or conditions changed?


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© 2007 John Schmied & Mike Reid all rights reserved