Short Answer (Brief Conclusion)

Guidelines, Example & Checklist

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A Short Answer (or brief conclusion)

Question:

What is the effect of changing the water temperature on the breathing rate of goldfish?

A short answer is a snapshot of the experiment that answers the question. It is short and to the point. The short anwer covers 3 main points.

 

Unlike a conclusion (extended response) the short answer starts out by telling the what was learned (concluded) in the investigation.

Parts of the Short Answer:

1. Conclusive statement (Final Statement)- Conclude what the experiment/investigation found out using words, figures, or diagrams.

Example: This experiment (or investigation if not an experiment) showed that as the water temperature of an aquarium increases, the gill movements (breathing rate) of the goldfish in the tank also increased.

Notice: the MV and the RV and the study subjects are mentioned in the conclusive statement!

 

2. Describe the Supporting Data - Tell about the data using Highs, Lows, and averages. Include both the MV and the RV when doing so.

Example: In this investigation when the water temperature was 10ūC, the average number of gill movements was 49 / min. At 20ūC water temperature the average amount of gill movements was 63 / min. Finally, at 30ūC the average amount of goldfish gill movements was 78 / min.

Notice: The Low (10ūC) and the High (30ūC) data points are always used and there is another set of supporting data in between. Once again, both the data for the MV and the response in the RV are quoted in each instance of data.

 

3. Explanation (Explantory Language) - Explain how the Supporting Data supported the Conclusive statement (the summary) Use diagrams, figures, numbers to explain the Range of data supports the Conclusive statement.

Example: As can be seen from the data shown above, for a difference of 20ūC, the goldfish increased their gill movements 29 times a minute.

Notice: This example properly uses the difference between the High and the Low, in other words, the entire range of data, ( the overall change of the MV and the overall change in RV) to support the Conclusive statement.

 

Short Answer - Entire Example

This experiment showed that as the water temperature of an aquarium increases, the gill movements (breathing rate) of the goldfish in the tank also increased.

In this investigation when the water temperature was 10ūC, the average number of gill movements was 49 / min. At 20ūC water temperature the average amount of gill movements was 63 / min. Finally, at 30ūC the average amount of goldfish gill movements was 78 / min.

As can be seen from the data shown above, for a difference of 20ūC, the goldfish increased their gill movements 29 times a minute.

 

Short Response Checklist

1. ______ Conclusive Statement (Final Statement) Use words, figures, or diagrams, include both the MV and RV

2. ______ Describe the Supporting Data (Use Data, including High, Low, averages), include data MV => RV

______ The High data points

______ The Low data points

______ Averages

3. ______ Explanation - Use the overall Range of the Supporting Data (the overall change of the MV=>RV) to support the Conclusive Statement.

 

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